Artist

Eduardo Chillida

Data i lloc de naixement:
SANT SEBASTIÀ, Espanya — 1924
Data i lloc de defunció:
SANT SEBASTIÀ, Espanya — 2002

Biography

Eduardo Chillida (San Sebastian, 1924–2002) began to study architecture, but in 1947 he abandoned this career to pursue drawing and sculpture. Although his early works were in stone, he soon incorporated iron as the base material for his work. After 1956, the date of his first major exhibition at Galerie Maeght, Paris, his work began to be recognised internationally. Chillida believed that sculpture and volume are created by the materials themselves. Abstract and reduced to minimal elements, his work pivots around three main concerns: space, the void and the limit. Chillida’s sculptures reveal great economy of means, an intense sense of monumentality, strict harmony with the environment and a powerful auratic and totemic relation with space. Including prints and public sculpture, his work has been studied by writers such as Octavio Paz and José Ángel Valente and philosophers such as Martin Heidegger and Émile Cioran. In 2000 the Museo Chillida-Leku opened in Hernani, Guipúzcoa, with a significant collection of the artist’s work. Since the start of his career with the dealer Aimé Maeght in Paris, Chillida’s work has been exhibited in numerous museums and institutions worldwide. His international projection was propelled in 1958 when he was awarded the International Grand Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale and the Graham Foundation Prize in Chicago. There are over forty public sculptures by Chillida in natural settings and cities like Barcelona, Berlin, Frankfurt, Paris, San Sebastian and Washington, with a significant number of them in Germany where the artist is highly regarded. His work has been included in numerous retrospectives in institutions such as the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (1966), National Gallery, Washington (1979), Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin (1991), Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS), Madrid (1999), Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (1999) and Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris (2001). His work is included in the collections of many museums in Germany (Manheim, Berlin, Frankfurt, Düsseldorf, Münster, etc.), Switzerland (Basel, Zurich, Geneva, Winterthur, etc.) and the United States (New York, Houston, Dallas, Chicago, etc.).

Works

  • Títol:
    Barcelona, Mural G-333
    Data:
    1998
    Tipus d'obra:
    Ceramic
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Gift of Sara Lee Corporation
  • Títol:
    Chillida / [texto Carlos Fuentes]
    Data:
    1996
    Tipus d'obra:
    Monograph
    Procedencia:
    Col·lecció MACBA. Centre d'Estudis i Documentació
  • Títol:
    [Carpeta Fondation de la Féderation Interncional des Jeunesses Musicales Marcel Cuvelier - René Nicoly]
    Data:
    1992
    Tipus d'obra:
    Graphic material
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Long-term loan of Bombelli Family
  • Títol:
    Down - Town
    Data:
    1986
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    Iru Burni
    Data:
    1986
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    Mesa de Omar Khayyam III
    Data:
    1983
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    La Casa de Hokusai
    Data:
    1981
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    [Sense títol]
    Data:
    s.d.
    Tipus d'obra:
    Graphic material
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Consortium. Joan Brossa Fund. Long-term loan of Barcelona City Council
  • Títol:
    Barcelona, Mural G-333
    Data:
    1998
    Tipus d'obra:
    Ceramic
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Gift of Sara Lee Corporation
  • Títol:
    [Carpeta Fondation de la Féderation Interncional des Jeunesses Musicales Marcel Cuvelier - René Nicoly]
    Data:
    1992
    Tipus d'obra:
    Graphic material
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Long-term loan of Bombelli Family
  • Títol:
    Down - Town
    Data:
    1986
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    Iru Burni
    Data:
    1986
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    Mesa de Omar Khayyam III
    Data:
    1983
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    La Casa de Hokusai
    Data:
    1981
    Tipus d'obra:
    Sculpture
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Foundation. Telefónica Art Collection
  • Títol:
    [Sense títol]
    Data:
    s.d.
    Tipus d'obra:
    Graphic material
    Procedencia:
    MACBA Collection. MACBA Consortium. Joan Brossa Fund. Long-term loan of Barcelona City Council
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