The group Art & Language played a key role in the emergence of conceptual art, in terms of both theory and artistic practice. Founded by Terry Atkinson, Michael Baldwin, David Bainbridge and Harold Hurrell in Coventry, England, in 1968, Art & Language brought together the work that these artists had been producing jointly since 1965. The following year the group published the first issue of Art-Language (1969-1985), a magazine that reflected on the theoretical problems around conceptual art and which became the main channel for their discursive work (along with the publications Analytical Art, 1971-1972; The Fox, 1965-1976, and Art-Language New Series, 1994-1999).
In 1969 and 1970, Mel Ramsden, Ian Burn, Joseph Kosuth and Charles Harrison joined the group, and in subsequent years membership grew to over thirty artists. Since 1977, the artists Michael Baldwin and Mel Ramsden have been the main members of Art & Language, along with the art historian and critic Charles Harrison (who died in 2009).