After studying History and doing a PhD in Art History at the Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Teresa Lanceta spent long periods of time in Alicante, Granada, Madrid, Seville and Marrakesh. She has taught at the School of Architecture in Alicante and at the Escola Massana in Barcelona. From the early 1970s, Lanceta opted for weaving as a form of artistic expression, blurring the boundaries between what is considered art and craft. She is interested in the elements of formal exploration, but also in material and technical matters, and in the traditions and ways of life associated with weaving, a form of creation that operates without preliminary drawing and in which figure and ground are developed simultaneously. Through textiles, Lanceta has discovered a primitive human source or code and has come into contact with the cultures of different societal groups such as the Romani peoples and Moroccan nomadic weavers, incorporating their artistic traditions and ways of life in a dialogue with her own tapestries, paintings and drawings, as well as her theorising.
She has had solo exhibitions at the Museu Tèxtil i d’Indumentària, Barcelona (1989); Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Elche (1995); Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid (2000); Ville des Arts, Casablanca (2000); La Casa Encendida, Madrid (2016); Azkuna Zentroa Alhóndiga, Bilbao (2016); and Palau de la Virreina, Barcelona (2017–18). She has participated in the biennales of Cairo (2009), São Paulo (2013, 2014) and Venice (2017). Her work is in the collections of collections where her work is located are the Museo Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo; Fundación José Cuervo, Mexico; Pérez Art Museum, Miami; MACBA, Barcelona, among others.